Asthma is a type of long-term or chronic disease of the respiratory tract characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways that causes shortness or difficulty breathing. In addition to difficulty breathing, asthma sufferers can also experience other symptoms such as chest pain, coughing, and wheezing. Asthma affects all ages, whether young or old. Now, we’ll learn allergy induced asthma symptoms adults further.
Although the exact cause of asthma is not known clearly, but there are some things that often trigger it, such as cigarette smoke, dust, animal dander, exercise, cold air, viral infections, or even exposure to chemical substances.
For someone who has asthma, respiratory tract more sensitive than other people who do not live with this condition. When the lungs become irritated trigger on, then the muscles of the respiratory tract of asthmatics will become stiff and makes the channel narrows. In addition, there will be increased production of mucus that makes breathing more difficult.
To determine whether a patient suffers from allergy and the doctor needs to perform a number of tests. But before the test, your doctor will usually ask questions the patients about any symptoms are felt, the time of appearance of these symptoms, and the patient’s medical history and family.
If all the information given to patients leads to asthma, then the next doctor can perform tests to confirm the diagnosis, for example:
• Peak expiratory flow test
• Provocation Test bronchus
• Status Measurement Allergies
• CT Scan
If a person is diagnosed with asthma during childhood, symptoms may be absent when she was a teenager and come back when he is older. But the symptoms of asthma are classified as medium or heavy in childhood, will tend to remain there although it may also reappear. Nevertheless, asthma can occur at any age and do not always start from childhood.
Treatment of Asthma
There are two goals in the treatment of asthma, which relieve symptoms and prevent recurrence of symptoms. To support these objectives, required treatment from a doctor who plans tailored to the patient’s condition. The treatment plan includes how to recognize and handle worsening symptoms, and drugs should be used.
It is important for patients to recognize things that can trigger allergies so they can avoid them. If the symptoms of asthma, medicines commonly recommended is the reliever inhaler.
When asthma attacks with worsening symptoms (slowly or quickly) despite being treated with inhalers or other medications, the patient should immediately seek treatment at the hospital. Although rare, asthma attacks may endanger lives. For patients with chronic asthma, inflammation of the airways longstanding and repeatedly can cause permanent constriction.
Complications of Asthma
Here are some matters that could be impacted by asthma can happen:
• Psychological problems (anxiety, stress, or depression).
• Declining performance in school or at work.
• The body often feels tired.
• Impaired growth and puberty in children.
• Status asthmaticus (severe asthma condition that does not respond to normal treatment).
• Respiratory failure.
• Damage to the part or the entire lung.
If you happen to suffer from allergy induced asthma symptoms adults or living with asthma for a long time, do not worry about these conditions because asthma is a disease that is manageable as long as you:
• Recognizing and avoiding asthma triggers.
• Following asthma management plan created with your doctor.
• Recognize an asthma attack and take action appropriate treatment.
• Using asthma medication recommended by doctors on a regular basis.
• Monitor the condition of your airways.
If the asthma reliever inhaler use is increasing fast reactions, consult a physician immediately so that your asthma management plan readjusted. In addition, it is advisable to conduct influenza and pneumonia vaccinations on a regular basis to prevent the worsening of asthma caused by both diseases.
The main problem of asthma is often undiagnosed or inadequate treatment. Patients treat themselves, understanding and knowledge of asthma less and some myths or misconceptions about asthma.
Not infrequently encountered unexpected tightness of heart disease, or chronic cough caused by bronchitis or difficulty sleeping due to insomnia. Wheezing cough or shortness of course not the monopoly of asthma, some diseases or conditions can mimic asthma, such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) with chronic bronchitis and emphysema; lung infection; par nasal sinusitis; tuberculosis; Gastro esophageal reflux and heart disease such as heart failure. Proper diagnosis could direct appropriate treatment.
In practice often encountered patients self-medicate. They use a reliever inhaler to treat symptoms of asthma. In the long term, this condition will only aggravate the symptoms of asthma and will more often have an asthma attack.
Things need to be done is to give patients anti-inflammatory medications, avoiding trigger factors of attack, and get education. Educational aims for giving understanding and knowledge of patients about asthma and its causes much better. This knowledge will facilitate communication with the doctor, and understand the myths that developed in the community.
Some myths are found in the community, among other things, an inhaler harmful to the heart, and only used for severe asthma. The use of asthma medication on a regular basis will lead to addiction. The myths are not true.
Does allergy induced asthma symptoms adults can be cured? To be honest, there is no cure for asthma. With proper diagnosis and treatment of patients with asthma can lead a normal life Patients must comply with the instructions, and control of the doctor. He was obliged to wear a controller medication regularly. Do not go to the doctor only when asthma attacks.
Another myth that cannot be accounted for truth is that patient should treat asthma if symptoms occur only, asthma will disappear by itself before adulthood, people with asthma are still allowed to smoke, stress causes of asthma, people with asthma should not exercise, and others.
Just like hypertension or diabetes which also cannot be cured, current management to cure asthma is only based on Asthma Control. International asthma management guidelines by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) emphasize the importance of asthma control. Once asthma is controlled, patient is less likely to get asthma attacks; they also don’t require hospital treatment. Though the GINA guidelines have been circulated widely, in fact, the majority of asthma patients have not or even not controlled. Therefore the roles of doctors who treat allergy induced asthma symptoms adults are very important in providing education to patients. Moreover, doctors also should provide professional treatment so that the patient can optimally enjoy life.