Breast cancer is among the most threatening disease for women. The number of patients suffering from breast cancer has been increasing over the last few years. There are various factors contributing to occurrence of this disease making the prevention a more complex effort. This disease develops in women at any ages from teenagers to seniors although it mostly happens to women in 20s, 30s and 40s. The cancer usually develops from dysregulated and abnormal growth of cells in breast that is caused by accumulation of genetic mutations. Then, the cells become immortal and give rise to a tumor. There are various characteristic of breast cancer lumps and inspection method that you should know so the best treatment can be decided.
Breast Lump Characteristics from Locations
Well, let’s start by revealing what exactly breast lump is. Breast lump is the form of the present cancer. It has several different characteristics. And, the characteristic defines the breast cancer type. Furthermore, it also determines the right and most effective future treatment strategies. When it comes to the form, it consists of different very closely packed cells that divide out of control. Some of the lumps are surrounded by scar tissues due to tissue damage. This usually becomes the case that feels very hard and firm when being touched from the outside.
On the other hand, there is also another form of lump. This lump usually feels like the breast tissue thickening. It usually becomes the breast lump that feels less noticeable and flatter. According to the research, it usually contains of smaller projections.
The method to decide the type of the lump is by figuring out the location which means in where part of the breast does the lump occur. In most cases, it occurs within the breasts’ ducts which are the tubes connecting nipple to the milk-secreting lobules. Lumps that are originated in breasts ducts are known as ductal carcinomas. Meanwhile, the lumps that are originated within the lobules are known as lobular carcinoma.
The studies and research have also confirmed that in order to characterize the breast cancer lump, it is important to consider the tumor’s physical location. Breasts’ ducts and lobules are not the only locations where the lumps may occur. Instead, they can occur anywhere within the breasts including near the skin, under arm, near the breasts’ edges and also behind the nipple. That is the reason why some lumps are more difficult to be detected due to their location. And, the characteristic of breast cancer lumps and inspection method indeed determine the right future treatment.
Breast Lump Characteristics from Condition
Aside categorizing breast lump from location, the categorization of breast lump from the condition is also a common practice. Usually, it determines how severe the breast lump has become. And, it decides on which treatment should be given to the patients.
Malignant breast lumps do have some particular characteristics. When the lump has been in malignant level, there are some characteristics. For instance, it usually is taller or deeper than wider. The echogenic strands can be seen if the fat surrounds the lesion. It has 30% of branching pattern which indicates that the lump can spread to other parts of the body. Meanwhile, its duct extension has reached 25%.
Another condition of breast lump is when it has benign condition with negative predictive values. This lump has certain characteristics as well. For example, it is wider than deeper. It has 99% of gently curving smooth lobulations. Although it may present as normal compressed tissue but actually it is consistent with process of non-infiltrative. The lump also tends to be smooth and is well circumscribed. It has the ellipsoid shape and has maximum diameter in transverse plane. Its shape basically is similar to thin echogenic capsule. Meanwhile, it usually has only three of even fewer gentle lobulations.
Breast Lump Inspection Method
When it comes to inspecting the presence of breast lump, you have two choices. The first one is self-exam where you do the inspection by yourself. The second one is clinical exam where the professional health care performs the inspection. The professionals consist of those who are trained in recognizing various types of warning signs and abnormalities. This inspection is performed in the office and is completed by the gynecologist or physician. If you decide to do the inspection by yourself, make sure to follow the proper methods so you can actually figure out the real results.
During the inspection of exam, the professionals check the breast’s appearance first. Then, they will ask you to raise your arms so they hang by your side. And, you will also be asked to press your hands against hips. Those are two postures allowing the professionals to look for any abnormal appearances in shape and size between the breasts. They also check your breasts’ skin in order to find any dimpling, rash and other abnormalities. They will also check your nipple in order to find any fluid when squeezed lightly.
Then, the examination will continue to check for any abnormal lumps and textures. The healthcare professionals will use their pads of their fingers to check the underarm, entire breast and also the collarbone area to find any abnormalities or lumps. There is important thing to know regarding the breast tissue. Well, some women do have breast tissue with tiny of full fibrous bumps appearance which is known as the fibrocystic breasts. However, this is not something related to cancer although it does appear as lumpy tissue.
Meanwhile, there is also the suspicious lump which is usually has a pea size that can be felt from the outside. It is the lump that the professionals look for. Usually, the lymph nodes are also checked to find out whether the suspicious lumps have enlarged or not. Once the lump is discovered, the examination is continued by finding out the shape, size and texture. Whether or not the lump can be easily moved is also checked. Usually, the benign lumps have different feel from the cancerous lumps although whatever lump that has been discovered is always examined further.
By having this characteristic of breast cancer lumps and inspection method performed, the abnormal lump can be soon treated before it gets worse. Ideally, women should have this examination once every 6 months for prevention.